Question

Using the letters from column B, match the artery descriptions in column A. (Note that some require more than a single c...


Using the letters from column B, match the artery descriptions in column A. (Note that some require more than a single choice.) 

Transcribed: Column A Column B (a) right common carotid (b) superior mesenteric (c) left common carotid (d) external iliac (e) inferior mesenteric (f) superficial temporal (g) celiac trunk (h) facial (i) ophthalmic (6) internal iliac (1) unpaired branch of abdominal aorta (2) second branch of aortic arch (3) branch of internal carotid (4) branch of external carotid (5) origin of femoral arteries

Answer

The blood vessels delivering oxygen rich blood to the tissues of the body from the heart are known as arteries.

 

(1) There are five arteries which branch from the abdominal aorta- the celiac artery, the superior mesentric artery, the inferior mesentric artery, the renal arteries and the iliac arteries. The unpaired arteries are three in number in them-the celiac trunk,the superior mesentric artery and the inferior mesentric artery.

(2) The arch of aorta gives three branches- the brachiocephalic artery, the left common carotid artery and the left subclavian artery. Both the arms and head are supplied by these arteries.

(3) The terminal branch of the common carotid artery is known as internal carotid artery. Opthalmic artery, posterior communicating artery and the anterior choroidal artery are the three branches of internal carotid artery.

(4) The external carotid artery forms a major artery of the head and neck region. It forms one of the terminal branches of the common carotid artery. There are eight branches of this artery, superior thyroid, ascending pharyngeal, lingual, facial, occipital, posterior auricular, maxillary and superficial temporal arteries.

(5) The femoral artery is a large artery of the thigh and forms the main arterial supply to the thigh and leg. In the pelvis, this artery originates from the external iliac artery.

(1) unpaired branch of abdominal aorta-(g) celiac artery, (b) superior mesentric, (e) inferior mesentric

(2) second branch of abdominal arch- (c) left common carotid 

(3) branch of internal carotid- (i) opthalmic

(4) branch of external carotid- (h) facial, (f) superficial temporal

(5) origin of femoral arteries- (d) external iliac

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