Question

Which of the following is FALSE about ADHD?     A) Psychological therapies help with the distress of ADHD.     B) ...


Which of the following is FALSE about ADHD?
   
A) Psychological therapies help with the distress of ADHD.
   
B) ADHD is heritable.
   
C) More adults are given the diagnosis of ADHD than children.
   
D) Male children are the most likely to be labeled with the diagnosis.

Answer

ADHD or Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder in which the victim will not be able to pay attention, will be hyperactive, and can exhibit impulsive behaviour. ADHD can be of three types. They are 

  1. Predominantly Inattentive: Here the person is always distracted, unorganised and has difficulty in paying attention to the details.    
  2. Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation: Here the person is restless, impulsive, fidgets and cannot remain still or calm.  
  3. Combined Presentation: Combination of both of the above-mentioned presentations. 

Some of the symptoms of ADHD include daydreaming, being forgetful, being impulsive, being careless, having problems with socialising etc. 

A combination of behavioral therapy, medication, and cognitive behavioral therapy is usually prescribed to manage ADHD. For children aged under 5 years, a separate training session for parents is also recommended by CDC before starting treatment for their children. Hence Psychological therapies do help in managing the distress of ADHD. Hence option A is not the correct answer. 

The heritability of ADHD is very high with a chance of 74%. Hence it shows that if a parent has ADHD the child is more like to get ADHD. Hence the option B is not the correct answer. 

More children are diagnosed to have ADHD than adults making the average age of diagnosis to be 7. However, the rate of adults being diagnosed is increasing. Between ages 3 and 6, the symptoms of ADHD are known to appear first. Hence the statement given in the third option is false and hence option C is the correct answer. 

Studies show that ADHD is three times more common in male children when compared with female children. Hence option D is an incorrect answer. 

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